|The Atwater Kent Model 206 (2nd type) from about 1934 is a
6-tube AC Superhet with a tuned RF amplifier stage. It receives the
Broadcast, Police, and Short Wave bands.
The schematic for the model 206 (2nd type) can be found on-line at the Atwaterkent.info web site in the Service Manual. The schematic is NOT in the Riders Manuals nor is it online at Nostalgiaair.org (these sources only have the 1st type schematic).
The radio had seen minimal servicing in the past - all of the original parts (except tubes) were still in place. I decided to try to maintain the set in its original condition to the extent possible, yet get it working. However this vintage of AK receivers is difficult to restore and maintain originality due to the unique cast end resistors and deteriorating rubber covered wiring used.
My antique radio restoration logs
This radio was purchased on eBay. The cabinet finish, knobs, and grille cloth were original and in excellent condition. It was stated in the auction that the radio would power up, but reception could not be confirmed by the seller. There were no signs of any restoration seen in the auction listing (although there were minimal photos). I always avoid knowingly purchasing a radio that has been restored by a collector, as many collectors take shortcuts such as removing the original capacitors and filters. In this case, the original filter capacitors and all tube shields were still in place. The only evidence of repair was a taped splice on the power cord. The chassis was very dirty, but not rusty.
All but two tubes were branded RCA/Cunningham and were engraved base types, and thus were likely the originals. The 80 and one 58 had been replaced.
The power cord was original, but had been spliced and taped. The power plug looked original (black bakelite or hard rubber) but had some chips on the edges.
There was a piece of spaghetti tubing insulating the antenna lead on one place where it was likely rubbing the chassis and shorting out.
My usual restoration procedure is to first make a complete survey of the condition of all components. The survey results guide my restoration strategy. I never apply power to a radio before restoration, even through a "dim bulb tester" or variac "to see if it works". If major and unique components are defective or missing and cannot be restored or replaced, I may elect to sell the radio for parts rather than restore it. I always assume that all paper and electrolytic capacitors are leaky and thus should be replaced (I always "restuff" the original containers if possible). Any mica capacitors are assumed OK until testing proves otherwise.
Before starting repairs I made BEFORE photos of the chassis top and bottom. I use these photos to ensure that replacement parts and wiring are placed as close as possible to their original positions. Some radios are subject to problems (such as oscillation) if wiring is re-routed or lead dress is not the same as the original. The Service Manual for this radio fortunately had parts placement diagrams. And unlike original AK documentation, parts values had been written in on the schematic. The original documentation only contained AK part numbers - no values. AK resistor color codes are unique and very non-standard. Servicing this radio is very difficult. Most resistors are cast end dogbone type mounted on terminal strips in groups of 3 or 4. All the wiring in the area of the complex band switch is rubber covered, and the insulation will fall off if disturbed! One must ensure that this wiring is not disturbed during restoration, else a lot of work would be required repair the damage.
All tubes and tube shields were removed. The tuning capacitor and dial assembly was removed for cleaning and restoration of the tuner support grommets and dial drive rubber.
The top and sides of the chassis was cleaned with GoJo hand cleaner and 00 steel wool. Since this process may leave small steel wool fragments that can cause problems later, I follow up with a thorough vacuuming and go over everything with a small magnet and masking tape to pick up any stray fragments. I continue to use steel wool as I have yet to find a substitute that does as good a job removing the "gunk".
The tuning capacitor was cleaned in my old Heathkit ultrasonic clean (using dilute ammonia) followed by thorough rinsing and then cleaning with soap, water, and toothbrushes. It was then dried using a heat gun. The drive rubber on the tuning shaft was replaced using a part available from Adams Manufacturing. The tuning capacitor grommets were replaced using reproduction parts available from Renovated Radios (part number GLg-Tuner). These grommets are slightly too thick, so about 3/32" was trimmed from the thick side using a new single edge razor blade (the center hole and outside diameter of these grommets is correct for this radio). The trimmed side was installed on the top of the chassis, with the now thicker side below.
Insulation breaks in the pilot lamp wiring were repaired using shrink tubing. The power cord was also re-spliced and insulated at the splice using several layers of shrink tubing. The original AC plug was cleaned up and reinstalled, even with its chips. All damaged rubber wiring was replaced using cloth covered wire of the appropriate color. I always use "unrated" type wire available from RadioSupply.Com (their 600 volt rated wire is not appropriate for radio restoration). The antenna lead was especially difficult to replace, since it must attached to an almost inaccessible lug on the band switch.
The original power supply filter capacitors were removed and restuffed. The original filter capacitors were an 8mfd at 475 volt wet type capacitor (C19), and a 3-section dry type capacitor (C18).
The capacitor cans were chucked in my Unimat lathe and their cases scored about 1" from the bottom. The cuts were then completed using a hobby razor saw and the edges cleaned up using an Exacto knife. The original contents were then removed and the capacitor cases cleaned inside and out. For the input filter C19 (a wet type) the original positive element was removed, leaving the aluminum stud. The stud was then cut short, a hole drilled, and a solder lug attached. The positive lead of a 10mfd/450 volt capacitor was attached to the solder lug. The negative lead of the new capacitor was extended, insulated, and then routed though a small hole drilled into the capacitor base and wrapped around the threaded portion of the capacitor case. This lead thus contacted the chassis when the capacitor was mounted. The two halves of the case were then joined together using a plumbing 3/4" PVC pipe coupling wrapped with masking tape, and epoxied to each case half. The masking tape is needed since the couplings are slightly too small in diameter. It also should make it possible to disassemble the capacitor in the future should that be necessary.
The 3-section filter C18 was rebuilt by drilling small holes next to each terminal lug, plus one for the common ground lead near the edge of the can. The original values were 4 and 8mfd at 450 volts and 10mfd at 25 volts. Replacement values used were 4.7 and 10mfd at 450 volts and 10mfd at 50 volts. Their positive leads were extended using #22 buss wire and insulated with spaghetti tubing. The bare buss wires were routed through the drilled holes in the base and soldered to the original capacitor terminals. The common ground lead was clamped between the capacitor body and the mounting clamp. The two halves of the case were then joined together using a plumbing 3/4" PVC pipe coupling as for C19 above.
All the mica and padder capacitors were left in place after testing for leakage.
All the original Atwater Kent paper capacitors were rebuilt in their original cases using modern 630 volt film capacitors in order to maintain the original under-chassis appearance. Most single capacitors had radial leads, the bottom capacitor in the photo below (although some had axial insulated wire leads). My restuffing process is as follows:
Below are typical Atwater Kent capacitors that have been restuffed with modern components. In the AK206, only one capacitor C14 is a dual unit (the tone control capacitor) - the rest are all singles.
The line bypass capacitor C20, 0.01mfd at 400 volts, was a problem. The original was a metal clad unit with terminals on each end. It was mounted using a clamp. It was leaky and had to be replaced. There was no room inside the original case to mount a new film capacitor. The case was opened and the original contents removed. A 0.01mfd/630 volt film capacitor was mounted below the original where it is hidden. Its leads were attached to the original's terminals.
There were 11 cast-end resistors that needed replacement. Wattage ranged from 1/3 to 2 watts. Most were 1/3 watt units. Several strategies were used to replace these resistors in order to retain the original under chassis appearance.
The dial lamps were originally 2.5 volt screw based FROSTED bulbs. I could find no sources for replacements. So the alternative was to use standard clear #41 bulbs (2.5 volts, 0.5 amps, screw based) and find a way to frost them. I posed this question on Antique Radio Forums, and got several good suggestions. Suggestions included using frosted glass paint, candle wax, wood glue, and sanding with emory paper. I first tried sanding the bulb with emory paper while chucked in my small Unimat lathe. It seemed to work great! But when I proceeded to install the bulbs in their sockets, both snapped off near the base! I suppose the sanding weakened the bulb too much. Next I tried applying two coats of standard wood glue using a small brush, allowing them to dry between coats. This seemed to work well enough and provided some needed diffusion.
The cabinet needed a good vacuuming inside and then cleaning on the outside with GoJo and 00 steel wool. No further treatment was needed. A new dial cover was fabricated using a kit sold by Bill Turner on Dialcover.com. Bill's web site also has the instructions for making a replacement dial cover.
Once the radio chassis was reassembled and the tubes installed, power was brought up slowly using a variac. AC power consumption was monitored using a watt meter, and a DVM monitored the B+. The radio came to life immediately and worked well. The radio was then aligned using the instructions in the Service Manual. The radio is quite sensitive, and also has very good tone due to the large electrodynamic speaker and solid cabinet. I left the original (weak) 2A6 tube in place - I doubt if a new tube would make any significant difference in performance.