|The Atwater Kent model 637 is a 7-tube AC superhet circuit radio.
It receives the standard broadcast band and two short wave bands. The
circuit is conventional, with a tuned RF amplifier stage. It uses all
metal tubes, typical of the mid 1930's. It features a complex
two-speed tuning control in which the speed is selected by moving the tuning
knob up or down. Various parts of the dial are lighted depending on
the band selected. It also has a "split second" dial for
The radio had seen minimal servicing in the past and had not been hacked excessively. Previous servicing included several replacement tubes (I assume all the original tubes originally would have been RCA-Cunningham branded metal tubes), one audio coupling capacitor and two resistors. This being the case, I decided to try to retain the original top and bottom chassis appearance if possible.
The schematic for the AK 637 can be found on Nostalgia Air. Any part numbers will refer to numbers on that schematic.
My antique radio restoration logs
My usual restoration procedure is to first make a complete survey of the condition of all components. The survey results guide my restoration strategy. If major and unique components are defective or missing and cannot be restored or replaced, I may elect to sell the radio rather than restore it. I assume that all paper and electrolytic capacitors are leaky and thus should be replaced (I always "restuff" the original containers if possible). Any mica capacitors are assumed OK until testing proves otherwise.
The speaker field and cone were OK.
All four knobs were incorrect
The grille cloth was perfect
All paper capacitors were rebuilt in their original cases using modern 630 volt film capacitors in order to maintain the original under-chassis appearance. AK capacitors are very difficult to restuff, since the outer shell is not the usual rigid cardboard tube. It is only several layers of thin paper and easily damaged. My restuffing process is as follows:
One original AK capacitor (C15) had been replaced. In order to keep the under-chassis appearance original (and having no AK dud capacitors in stock to restuff) I decided to try to reproduce the missing capacitor. The radio contained another type 203 original capacitor for reference. I found a dud wax-paper capacitor in my stock of duds that was the correct size, and with minimal printing on the body. It was then cleaned out and restuffed using a 0.01mfd 630 volt film capacitor. An identification label was then printed using MSWord that was close to the original color and type font. The reproduction capacitor shown below was later "aged" by dipping the completed capacitor in amber shellac.
An Original 203 Cap
Reproduction Cap (and the rebuilt R13 cast end resistor)
Reproduction Installed (left) - an original below
The two can type electrolytic capacitors were also rebuilt in their original containers (one was a wet type, the other a triple dry type). The cardboard cover was removed from C18, the triple dry type capacitor. The metal cans were scored on a Unimat lathe and the cut completed using a hobby razor saw. The cuts were near the base in both cases so that the joint would be hidden by the clamps or insulating cover. The original contents were removed, the cases cleaned, new 450 volt electrolytics installed inside, and the two halves of the cans joined using PVC plumbing couplings and epoxy. In both cases, the original connecting lugs were used. For the triple capacitor (C18) small holes were drilled close to the lugs and leads to the replacement capacitors routed through the holes and soldered to the lugs.
The original R13, a 425 ohm 1 watt cast end type dogbone resistor, was open. Fortunately it was still in the radio and had been shunted by a 400 ohm dogbone type resistor. This resistor is mounted in a clamp, so its diameter is critical. I decided to try to rebuild the resistor. The steps were:
The non-original replacement for R16 was removed. For a replacement I used a resistor that was similar to the other resistors in the set. The same was true for R3 and R10. The replacements were from Philco radios of the same time period (they are similar in appearance to AK resistors).
As received, the tuning mechanism would jam after a very small rotation of the tuning knob. Upon careful examination, it was determined that the jam occurred with each revolution of the "split second" dial. The mechanism was disassembled. It was determined that the drive gear for the "split second" dial had split, thus leaving a large gap between the teeth at one point. Since finding a replacement for this gear and shaft would be impossible, I decided to try some creative repair. The teeth on the leading and trailing side of the split were filed so that the drive gear would mate smoothly with the driven gear. After some experimentation and filing, the two gears would work together (there remained a minor "bump" with each rotation of the "split second" gear).
The large rubber tire on the slow speed idler pulley was loose. The two smaller rubber drive parts were OK and functional. I decided to purchase a replacement kit from Adams Manufacturing for this radio. This kit contains the large rubber O-ring of the proper size to replace the tire, and also contains the other two rubber parts, which were not used. If one has access to a large traditional hardware store with a good selection of O-rings and plumbing parts, the required part could be found. Since I am out in the middle of nowhere, I decided to go the easy route vs. driving 100 miles or so looking for the required part. Here is the cleaned and operational tuning mechanism:
The original AC switch on the volume control was bad. The leads to the volume control potentiometer were the usual rubber covered wiring that was falling apart if moved or touched. Also there was a cardboard cover on the control that was coming apart (apparently it covered the AC switch terminals which would otherwise have been exposed, since the control is on a bracket above the chassis). The cover was removed, and the control disassembled. The switch was flooded with Big Bath cleaner and operated manually until the switch worked. The cardboard cover was re-glued.
Once the radio was reassembled and tubes installed, power was brought up slowly using a variac. AC power consumption was monitored using a watt meter, and a DVM monitored the B+. The radio came alive immediately and worked with 110 volts AC input. Once at full power, voltage measurements were taken.
The set was then aligned - no surprises. One of the IF trimmers was way off - the rest were close. The oscillator, RF, and low-frequency padder peaked up nicely. The radio proved to be quite sensitive on all bands. The tone was also quite good because of the large solid cabinets and 8" dynamic speaker.
Chassis Before Restoration
Chassis After Restoration
Rear of Radio