|The Zenith model 7S323 (7-S-323) from 1939 is a large tabletop
7-tube AC superhet circuit radio. It is in reality a console size
chassis (Zenith deep chassis) in a large table top cabinet. It receives the standard broadcast band and two short wave bands, has
"automatic" or push-button tuning, and the Zenith Radiorgan
tone control system.
The radio had seen minimal servicing in the past - most of the original parts were still in place. I decided to try to reverse all previous repairs to the extent possible. I did have a 7S342 (chairside model - same chassis) parts set, just in case!
The schematic for the Zenith 7S323 can be found on Nostalgia Air. Any part numbers mentioned will refer to numbers on that schematic.
My antique radio restoration logs
Filter capacitor C25 had been replaced by a tacked-in capacitor.
C6 (IF screen bypass capacitor) had been replaced
All tubes except the 6J5G and 6U5 had been replaced. These were Zenith, and could have been originals.
My usual restoration procedure is to first make a complete survey of the condition of all components. The survey results guide my restoration strategy. If major and unique components are defective or missing and cannot be restored or replaced, I may elect to sell the radio rather than restore it. I always assume that all paper and electrolytic capacitors are leaky and thus should be replaced (I always "restuff" the original containers if possible). Any mica capacitors are assumed OK until testing proves otherwise.
All tubes and shields were removed. The automatic tuning unit was removed. The dial scale and pointer were removed. The band change mechanism, tuning shaft and flywheel assembly was removed for access to components below and for cleaning. The tuning capacitor was removed for cleaning and replacement of chassis grommets. All non-original parts and both filter capacitors were then removed.
The top of the chassis was cleaned with GoJo hand cleaner and 00 steel wool.
The defective compensating coil (T)3 was removed and replaced using the coil (and compensating capacitor together) from my 7S342 parts chassis.
The tuning capacitor grommets were replaced by modern rubber grommets. The tuning capacitor was cleaned in an ultrasonic cleaner followed by soap, water, and toothbrushes. The bearings were then relubed using lithium grease. The volume control and tuning shafts were cleaned and relubed. The missing dial drive belt was replaced using round rubber replacement stock, cut on a 45 degree angle, and glued using super glue.
All original Zenith paper capacitors were rebuilt in their original cases using modern 630 volt axial film capacitors in order to maintain the original under-chassis appearance. I reseal the cardboard tubes using rosin salvaged from RCA catacombs (it melts at a low temperature and will not damage the replacement capacitors). I collect original Zenith (as well as Philco and other branded types) wax/paper capacitors for use when the originals are missing or have been replaced. Zenith schematics in Riders Manuals indicate the Zenith part numbers of the capacitors used. I was able to find the correct part numbers for all of the missing original Zenith capacitors in my stocks or the parts chassis.
One original Zenith filter capacitor C25 16mfd had been replaced. I found an original dud in my parts chassis and it was rebuilt using a 22mfd 450 volt electrolytic, as was the remaining original filter capacitor. The original tubes were resealed using rosin.
All defective resistors were replaced by same type carbon composition types. The 1 meg dogbone resistor inside the 6U5 eye tube socket was replaced by a 1/4 watt carbon composition resistor, since it would not be visible. The volume control was cleaned in place using Big Bath cleaner.
Correct G type tubes were installed for the 6J5G and 6X5G. A Zenith branded 6U5 was installed. It was somewhat weak, but worked well enough (in a darkened room!)
I had a correct volume control knob available from my 7S342 parts chassis. A missing escutcheon screw was replaced, again from my parts chassis. A missing chassis bolt was replaced by new generic hardware. The chassis washers were replaced using modern reproductions from Renovated Radios. The missing tone tabs and stations ID tabs were replaced using modern reproductions from Alan Jesperson. Unfortunately, the color is not the same as the original tone control and stations selector buttons. Also, the reproduction tabs tend to fall out! After some questions on Antique Radio Forums, the tabs were secured using a small dab of silicon adhesive (they can be removed if needed).
Once the radio was reassembled and the tubes installed, power was brought up slowly using a variac. AC power consumption was monitored using a watt meter, and a DVM monitored the B+. The radio came alive immediately and worked.
The set was then aligned - no surprises. The automatic tuning push buttons were adjusted to local stations. They worked OK, even though the compensating coil T3 had been replaced.
The radio performs well, and has very good tone.