|The Silvertone Model 7039 from about 1941 is
a large 9 tube superhet table radio that receives the broadcast band
and two short wave bands, as well as a shortwave "bandspread"
band (9.3-9.9 mHz, 31 meters). It has mechanical push-button tuning,
the "Radionet" loop antenna system, a tuned RF amplifier stage (broadcast band only), separate oscillator and mixer tubes,
6K6 audio outputs and a large 6x9 inch dynamic speaker.
The radio had seen quite a bit of servicing in its past, including several tubes, the filter capacitors, and several small coupling and bypass capacitors. I decided to try to reverse as many of these repairs as possible and to restore or maintain the original above and below chassis appearance to the extent possible. The schematic for this radio can be found on-line at Nostalgia Air. Any part numbers mentioned in this log are referenced to that schematic.
My antique radio restoration logs
This radio was purchased on eBay. The seller powered it up using a "dim bulb" tester and got no reception - just noise. There was no shipping damage. The radio had not been restored. I always avoid knowingly purchasing a radio that has been restored by a collector, as many take shortcuts such as removing the original capacitors and filters. Since it powered up and made noise, I assumed major parts were OK (so much for assumptions!). "Radionet" is apparently Silvertone's name for their loop antenna system - sort of like Zenith's Wavemagnet.
All of the original resistors were still in place.
The filter capacitor had been replaced by two tacked-in tubular electrolytics.
Eight small coupling and bypass capacitors had been replaced.
Several tubes had been replaced.
My usual restoration procedure is to first make a complete survey of the condition of all components. The survey results guide my restoration strategy. If major and unique components are defective or missing and cannot be restored or replaced, I may elect to sell the radio rather than restore it. I always assume that all paper and electrolytic capacitors are leaky and thus should be replaced (I always "restuff" the original containers if possible). Any mica capacitors are assumed OK until testing proves otherwise. Since the radio powered up and made noises, I assumed that no major components were likely defective.
The Silvertone 7039 is a complex radio which is quite difficult to service. There are many parts that are buried under other parts, and which are almost impossible to replace without partial disassembly. In many cases, the order of parts replacement is critical - I generally replace parts in the reverse order of their removal. There are also several situations where there are parallel electrical paths present which prevent accurate measurement of resistance values unless the parallel path is broken. This requires an analysis of the schematic. For example, resistors R9, R15, R16, and R17 form a loop such that none of them can be accurately measured unless the loop is broken. Also, most of the original capacitors were very leaky, which also prevented accurate measurement of the resistors. I finally resorted to removing ALL of the capacitors then measuring resistor values. Out of tolerance resistors were then replaced, and capacitors restuffed and replaced. This requires accurate notes as well as photos to prevent errors (replacing parts one at a time is safer).
All tubes were removed. All non-original parts were removed, and their connections documented. The tuning capacitor, dial assembly, and dial drive mechanism was removed for cleaning and access to other parts on top. The band switch and on-off/tone control linkages were removed for cleaning and access. The tuning capacitor drive assembly was removed for access and cleaning. At this point I made BEFORE photos of the chassis bottom. I use these photos to ensure that replacement parts and wiring are placed as close as possible to their original positions. Some radios are subject to problems (such as oscillation) if wiring is re-routed or lead dress is not the same as the original. I then printed the photo and identified and marked the location of all the resistors and capacitors (some were hidden or buried and not visible in the photo).
The top and sides of the chassis was cleaned with GoJo hand cleaner and 00 steel wool. Since this process may leave small steel wool fragments that can cause problems later, I follow up with a thorough vacuuming and go over everything with a small magnet and masking tape to pick up any stray fragments.
The tuning capacitor drive was replaced using a conical round rubber part from my junk box. It had a center hole slightly smaller than the 1/4" needed. So I thought it would work OK. But I noticed that as the tuning shaft was operated, the rubber part would gradually move down the shaft (due to its conical shape). I noticed that there was a small hole in the tuning shaft. So I secured the rubber part to the shaft using a tapered clock pin, which was then cut off flush.
All of the original capacitors remaining in the set were restuffed using new 630 volt film capacitors. Eight capacitors had been replaced at some point (most were in the audio portion of the radio). I normally attempt to reverse any previous servicing by installing original type components. But in this case, I did not have any capacitors in my dud capacitor stock that matched the originals. The originals had no brand name - only a Silvertone part number and their value and voltage rating. Their appearance was similar to the types used by GE - crimped-over ends vs. sealed with wax. I maintain a collection of branded dud capacitors just for this purpose (Zenith, Philco, RCA/GE, etc.) For this radio I decided to install Sprague and other generic capacitors having the correct values, and to restuff them using modern parts. This would look more original than the newer white plastic components (Argonne brand) that had been installed. And I have seen other Silvertone sets of this vintage that used Sprague capacitors (for example the 1942). Some Sears Silvertone radio suppliers used generic capacitors (Sprague, Cornell-Dubilier etc.), while some others used proprietary branded parts with part numbers that match the schematic.
In order to maintain the underside chassis appearance, any out-of-tolerance dogbone and carbon composition resistors were replaced with the same or similar types. I maintain a collection of NOS and used dogbone resistors. Of course, most of these are also out of tolerance! So I select a dogbone resistor from my stocks that has drifted to within 15-20% of the needed value, and then repaint it to the needed value using hobby paints.
The original filter capacitor had been removed and replaced by two tacked in tubular electrolytics. Evidence showed that the original must have been a dual 20+15mfd 400 volt unit that was clamp mounted under the chassis. There was a large solder-tinned area on the chassis in just the right spot to hold a clamp mounted capacitor, and its connection points were nearby (and had wire remnants). I found a clamp mounted dud filter in my dud stock that would fit in the chassis where the original must have been mounted. It was cleaned out and restuffed using two 22mfd/450 volt electrolytics, and new wire leads were attached. The ends of the tube were sealed using rosin/wax salvaged from RCA Radiola Superheterodyne catacombs! A label was fabricated using MS Word, containing the original's part number, values, and voltage rating. The clamp was soldered to the chassis where the original was thought to have been attached. A piece of hookup wire strung across the chassis was removed - I assumed it was placed there by a previous service man to hold the tacked in filter capacitors in place.
The output transformer (mounted on the speaker) had an open half of the primary winding. The speaker voice coil measured 3.7 ohms DC, so the impedance was estimated at 4 ohms. The push-pull 6K6 output tubes need a load impedance of 12,000 ohms per the tube manual. This means that the needed step down ratio was 54.77 (square root of 12000 divided by 4). I had a Stancor A-3850 universal single or push-pull transformer (rated at 8 watts) in my stock of output transformers. Although the needed impedances (12000 and 4) were not included in the instruction sheet, I was able to determine which secondary taps to use by calculating the ratios of several of the documented impedance ratios and picking the taps that came closest to a ratio of 54.77. Secondary taps 2 and 5 yielded a ratio of 54.4! The mounting centers of this transformer also matched the existing transformer mounting holes exactly.
The metal 6J5 was replaced by a 6J5GT, as called for in the schematic. The rest of the tubes were good and were left in place. I made no attempt to install Silvertone branded tubes.
The cabinet was cleaned using GoJo hand cleaner and 00 steel wool, followed by a treatment with Old English Scratch Cover. The incorrect knob was replaced by the correct knob purchased from David Frush who can be contacted at email@example.com. The clear dial cover was left as it was. It was firmly attached (cemented or fused) to the dial escutcheon on one side. I feared that attempting to remove it may break the cover or escutcheon. I plan on attempting to make a replacement dial cover later. But it is not clear how it can be attached!
Once the radio chassis was reassembled and the tubes installed, power was brought up slowly using a variac. AC power consumption was monitored using a watt meter, and a DVM monitored the B+. The radio came alive and worked on all bands. The loop antenna provides the broadcast band antenna, but short wave requires an external antenna (and ground connection). The LOW BOOST and HI BOOST switches worked well on some stations playing music. But I noticed that if LOW BOOST was used, excessive speaker cone excursion resulted on some stations. I have noticed this problem on several sets. I have been told that this is normal, and radio stations did not have so much bass when the radio was first sold.
Next the radio was aligned. No problems were found. One IF transformer trimmer was way off, but the rest were very close (this could be due to a tube replacement).
NOTE: The volume knob (left side) has not yet been replaced in this photo!